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Addiction Medications

Treating Addiction With Medicines


A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. Medicines for addiction medical care can be prescribed as a segment of an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.


Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.


Detoxing And Withdrawal

The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This process is referred to as detoxification. Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.

The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. The most terrible signs are appeared in the case of those who have been using the drugs for longer period of time with high dosage.


During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. Symptoms include:

  • Stress
  • Feeling depressed
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Pain in the muscles
  • Sweating

There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • For stress and irritability reduction.
  • Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
  • Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
  • Doctors are careful when it comes about prescribing benzos since they are habit-forming.
  • Antidepressants
  • An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
  • People recovering from drug addiction tend to suffer from depression since their brains can't produce dopamine normally.
  • Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Tremors and fits can also be reduced with the use of Clonidine.

The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Withdrawal from other Opiates aren't constantly deadly, however difficult situations can still appear. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.

Get in touch with an addiction specialist if you know someone who is struggling with addiction.


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Alcohol Addiction Medications

Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. The medication is usually taken as a single pill once a day.


Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • The brain receptors that produce pleasurable effects in the presence of alcohol are blocked by Naltrexone.
  • In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
  • Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
  • Naltrexone is administered every four weeks via injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
  • Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
  • It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
  • This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.

Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.


Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines

Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. These medications are taken daily in the form of orally ingestible pills.

Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Some have long-term withdrawal side effects. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. PAWS and cravings can be stopped by long-term medications. A recovering addict should take these medicines until they are completely free.

Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include:

  • Methadone
  • An Opioid, Methadone is used to help with detoxification from opiate drug dependencies.
  • It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
  • Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Methadone can become addictive so it is used with caution.
  • It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
  • Additional Facts about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
  • It helps to reduce cravings.
  • Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.

Medical Detox And Rehab

A few people detox all alone. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Medical detox is compulsory for those who are addicts of liquor or benzos.

Detox in a safe and comfortable environment if the first step to sobriety.

Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.

Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. High blood pressure is one of the problem of withdrawals. Any sudden complications can be handled by a doctor.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.

Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.