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Indicators

The Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.

Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.


Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.


The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.

The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:

  • The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
  • The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. Sometimes, the user might have GI symptoms, like constipation or diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
  • Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
  • Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
  • Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
  • Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
  • Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
  • Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
  • Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
  • Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
  • Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
  • Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
  • Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
  • Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
  • Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. Even cigarettes, which in a few nations, for example, the UK, parts of Europe and the UK cost over '11 for a pack of twenty; a 40-a-day smoker in such a territory should set aside '660 every month, almost '8,000 every year.
  • Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.

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Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.